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Resource Library of the Lead Citizen



Annals of Buffalo Valley, Pennsylvania, 1755-1855 Account of a citizen killed at Fort McHenry during the bombardment. Captain Evans...

spoke of a woman who brought water for them. A bomb-shell hitting her, exploded, and she was blown to atoms. Evans also mentions that the coffee ran out (pg 420-1 on text version) http://www.archive.org/details/annalsbuffalova00linngoog

London Gazette: A view of the War of 1812 from the other side of the Atlantic


Images of America: Fort McHenry and Baltimore's Harbor Defenses by Merle T. Cole and Scott S. Sheads

The American Manufactury: Art, Labor, and the World of Things in the Early Republic by Laura Rigal

The Civil War of 1812: American Citizens, British Subjects, Irish Rebels, and Indian Allies by Alan Taylor

The Darkest Day, The Washington Baltimore Campaign During the War of 1812 by Charles G. Muller

The War of 1812 by Harry Coles


Schwartzauer's Tavern

Collection: National Archives and Records Administration: War Dept Acct. Reports Books Certification of payment; $60 (5 months) to Mr Schwartzhover for rooms occupied by John Foncin, Engineer at Fort McHenry, January 24, 1800.



Social History

Measuring Worth Website-economic experts provide a guide to historic price changes and living standards


American Popular Culture Through History: The New Nation by Anita Vickers

Buying into the World of Goods, Early Consumers in Backcountry Virginia by Ann Smart Martin

Early American Taverns: For the Entertainment of Friends and Strangers by Kym S. Rice

Forging the American Character Volume I: Readings in United States History to 1877, 3rd edition (includes Jack Larkin's article: The Secret Life of a Developing Country (ours)), edited by John R. M. Wilson

It's an Old New England Custom by Edwin Valentine Mitchell

John Lewis Krimmel, Genre Artist of The Early Republic by Anneliese Harding (sketches of everyday activity)

John Lewis Krimmel, An Artisit in Federal America by Milo N. Naeve

Lions & Eagles & Bulls, Early American Tavern & Inn Signs from the Connecticut Historical Society edited by Susan P Schoelwer

Maryland History in Prints, 1743-1900 by Laura Rice

Scraping By by Seth Rockman

The Lady' Strategem, A Repository of 1820s Directions for the Toilet, Mantua Making, Stay Making, Millinery & Etiquette edited, translated, and with Additional Material by Frances Grimble ( 1820s but still some relevant material for the 1810s)

The New England Country Tavern by Jack Larkin

“The Present Time of Alarm”: Baltimoreans Prepare for Invasion, Barbara K. Weeks, Maryland Historical Magazine, vol 84 (3), Fall 1989, pp 259-266

The Reshaping of Everyday Life, 1790-1840, by Jack Larkin

The Universal Penman engraved by George Bickham (original published in mid 18th century used for examples of writing styles)

The Woman’s Lot in Baltimore Town: 1729-97, Kathryn Allamong Jacob, Maryland Historical Magazine, vol. 71 (3), Fall 1976, pp 283-295.

Women and the Law of Property in Early America by Marylynn Salmon

Women of the Early Republic by Linda Kerber


Clothing and Accesories

Clothing Through American History, The Federal Era through Antebellum, 1786-1860 by Ann Buermann Wass and Michelle Webb Fandrich

Costume in Detail 1730-1930 by Nancy Bradfield

Napoleon and The Empire of Fashion, 1795-1815 by Cristina Berreto and Martin Lancaster

Patterns of Fashion 1, Englishwomen's Dresses and Their Construction c. 1660-1860, by Janet Arnold

Shoes by Lucy Pratt and Linda Woolley (V&A publication)

Women's Shoes in America, 1795-1930 by Nancy E. Rexford

The Art of Dress, Clothes, and Society

The Collection of the Kyoto Costume Institute: Fashion, A History from the 18th to the 20th Century with forward by Akiko Fukai, Chief Curator, The Kyoto Costume Institute

The Corset, A Cultural History by Valerie Steele

The Lady's Guide to Plain Sewing by a Lady, by Kathleen Kannik

The Lady's Guide to Plain Sewing Book II by a Lady, by Kathleen Kannik

What Clothes Reveal, The Language of Clothing in Colonial and Federal America by Linda Baumgarten, The Colonial Williamsburg Collection


Material Culture

At Home: The American Family, 1750-1870 by Elizabeth Donaghy Garrett

Authentic Decor: The Domestic Interior, 1620-1920 by Peter Thornton

Classical Taste in America, 1800-1840 by Wendy A. Cooper

Old New England Homes by Stanley Schuler

Our Own Snug Fireside: Images of the New England Home 1760-1860 by Jane Nylander

The Antiques Treasury of Furniture and Other Decorative Arts at: Winterthur, Williamsburg, Sturbridge, Ford Museum, Cooperstown, Deerfield, Shelburne, Edited by Alice Winchester and the Staff of Antiques Magazine



The Michigan State University Library and the MSU Museum: American cookbooks from the late 18th to early 20th century


Deborah's Panty-a resource for period cooking culinary items.  Normally I would not post a .com here, but this is where I get ALL of my period appropriate ingredients for cooking ca 1812


A Taste of 17th century Virginia and Maryland in History, Medicine and Food by Thomas and Gloria Callaway, St. Maries City Militia

Dining at Monticello edited by Damon Lee Fowler

Maryland's Way, The Hammond-Harwood House Cook Book , published by the Hammond-Harwood House Association and contains a variety of receipts from the early 19th century.

Pease Porridge: Beyond the King's Bread, Cooking at Fortress Niagara, Rations to Regal, Royalty to Republic 1726-1865 by JoAnn Demler

Soup Through the Ages, A Culinary History with Period Recipes by Victoria Rumble with forward by Sandra Oliver

(Victoria Rumble also has a great historic food blog at http://thehistoricfoodie.wordpress.com/)

The American Frugal Housewife, 1833, by Mrs. Child

The First American Cookbook, A Facsimile of American Cookery, 1796, by Amelia Simmons

The Founding Foodies:  How Washington, Jefferson, Franklin Revolutionized American Cuisine by Dave DeWitt

The Virginia Housewife Or, Methodical Cook, A Facsimile of an Authentic American Cookbook by Mary Randolph

(the first edition of this cookbook was published in 1824, but this is reproduction of the 1860 edition)


Botany and Gardening

Fifty Plants that Changed the Course of History by Bill Laws

Founding Gardeners by Andrea Wulf

Herbs and Herb Lore of Colonial America-Colonial Dames of America

Plants of Colonial Days by Raymond Taylor

The Brother Gardeners by Andrea Wulf


Period Medicine

American Medical Botany, Jacob Bigelow, 1817-1820 (Octavo Books)

Directions for the Medicine Chest, 1811, by Lewis Heerman

Observations on the Means of Preserving the Health of Soldiers and Sailors; and on the Duties of the Medical Department of the Army and Navy; With Remarks on Hospitals and their Internal Arrangement, 1808, by Edward Cutbush

The English Physician enlarged with three hundred and sixty nine medicines made of English Herbs not in Any Former Impression of Culpepper's British Herbal....1814, Dr. Parkins for Crosby(available as a free ebook)



Mistress of  Riversdale, The Plantation Letters of Rosalie Stier Clavert, 1795-1821, edited by Margaret Law Callcott

Guardian of the Star Spangled Banner, Lt. Colonel George Armistead and The Fort McHenry Flag by Scott Sumpter Sheads

Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton by M. Irene Fugazy, SC

The Selected Letters of Dolley Payne Madison Edited by David B. Mattern and Holly C. Shulman

The United States Army in the War of 1812, Concise Biographies of Commanders and Operational Histories of Regiments, with Bibliographies of Published and Primary Sources by John C. Fredrickson



Before the Civil War there was a wide variety of state and commercial notes:




Civil War

Baltimore during the Civil War by Scott Sheads

Chesapeake Bay and the Civil War by Eric Mills

Civil War Cooking: The Housekeeper's Encyclopedia by Mrs. E.F. Haskell

Images from the Storm: Private Robert Knox Sneden edited by Charles F. Bryan Jr., James C. Kelly, and Nelson D. Lankdford

Maryland Voices of the Civil War edited by Charles W. Mitchell (letters)

Showing the Flag: The Civil War Diary of Moses Safford, USS Constellation by Lawrence Bopp and Stephen Bockmiller